|How to Feed a Newborn Cats|
Preparing to Feed the Newborn Cats
1. Find the host lift cat.
Consult a veterinarian and visit a cat shelter around you to look for a host mother who can breastfeed a kitten. Milk from the mother is the best choice of baby baby animals. Before trying to give him formula in a bottle, you better find a host lift that can replace the role of a dead parent or refuse a kitten.
Beware! Even if you find a mother who wants to breastfeed, she does not necessarily want to accept a kitten. Always watch while the adult cat interacts with your kitten; there is a risk he will try to kill the kitten he refused.
If you are lucky enough to find a host lift, try to disguise the smell of a new kitten. Sweep the fur of a sibling from the mother cat, then wipe your hand over the body of your kitten. This way you can move the smell of a biological parent of a cat to your kitten. The possibility of an adult cat (mother cat) to reject a kitten with an unknown odor is much greater. By "disguising" the smell of your kitten, the chances of being accepted will be greater.
2. Prepare the milk.
Newborn kittens can only digest milk from a female cat. Giving them the wrong kind of milk, such as cow's milk, can have both short and long-term effects (such as diarrhea, dehydration, nutritional deficiencies) and long-term health problems due to poor growth. You can buy a replacement formula for kittens (kitten milk replacement or KMR) at your local pet food store, veterinary clinic, or even on the internet. In Indonesia there are milk kittens Growssy and Max Kitt Milk, but you can also ask for recommendation brand of kitten's milk from veterinarians.
Substitute milk for kittens sold in cans, and in the form of dry powder or liquid. Like making baby milk, you need to follow the guidelines in the packaging to determine how many spoons of milk and water to add.
Be careful because the milk sold in cardboard boxes and labeled "cat milk" is not suitable for your kitten. This is cow's milk which is removed by its lactose content, and is designed so that this cow's milk can be consumed by adult cats (more to fulfill our desire to provide milk for cats, rather than meeting the physiological needs of the cat itself). This milk is not suitable given to kittens.
3. Prepare a backup plan if you can not immediately get a replacement milk.
The ideal milk to use is milk from the female cat. If you do not have it, use boiled water to give to the kitten, and immediately buy a replacement milk. If your kitten looks very hungry, you can add a teaspoon of powdered glucose into one cup of boiled water. However, you can only give this one time only. Do not repeat it.
Another option to fill the knee abdominal void until you get a replacement milk is rice cooking water (tajin), that is water in the rice you cook. Rebuslah rice with water, and strain the liquid. This liquid contains less carbohydrates (energy) and does not stimulate the kitten to defecate, and can be a temporary solution.
Giving water during the void will prevent the kitten from dehydrating, and better than giving something (like cow's milk) that will make the stomach and the kitten's body get sick.
4. Plan your time.
The younger the kitten's age, the faster his metabolism, the more often he should be fed (because of the small size of his stomach). This means that you, or anyone else at home, or your friends, or your neighbors, should accompany the kitten all day until it is old enough to start switching to solid foods.
A newborn kitten, or technically a kitten less than two weeks old, should be aware of his food intake day and night until he is old enough to switch to solid foods.
5. Know that you can wean a kitten without a mother early.
Weaning means stopping the milking of kittens and introducing solid foods slowly. You can wean when the age reaches four weeks, when your kitten is not a newborn kitten anymore. You can tell when your kitten is no longer a newborn kitten and is ready to switch to solid foods when he starts chewing on the tip of his nipple bottle.
To wean a kitten from milk, put a little food in the bowl. If she does not seem ready or willing to eat it, you can add a few tablespoons of formula or water to soften the food and make her more interested. Put solid food near kittens, so she can approach her when she is ready and wants to eat. Over time, reduce the amount of milk you offer, along with the increase in the amount of solid food.
Most kittens can digest solids at the age of seven weeks.
Kittens aged between 6 to 10 weeks should be fed six to eight times a day. Kittens aged 10 weeks to 6 or 7 months need four meals a day. Kittens aged up to 9 months need to eat three meals a day. For the record, new cats may be fed twice daily after adulthood.
1. Preparing the equipment.
To feed a newborn kitten, you need some cutlery. If possible, use bottles and teats special for kittens, such as bottles and dots Ferplast brand. The bottle itself is very small and has an opening at the top, so you can insert your thumb to control the flow of milk if it flows too swiftly from the pacifier and makes the kitten overwhelmed. The dot is long and thin, making it fit to fit into the mouth of the newborn kitten. This dot allows the kitten to suck, as from its mother.
If there is no tableware for cats, the second best option is a syringe or pipette. You can use it to drip milk into the kitten's mouth. Only, kittens can not suck from syringes, so try to buy bottles and pacifiers for cats as soon as possible.
2. Sterilize the equipment.
Keeping all the kitten equipment sterile is important. Just washing everything is not enough. You can buy a steam sterilizer (such as that used for baby bottles) or soak the tableware in a Milton sterilizer solution in the bowl.
You can buy Milton's sterilizer solution from a pharmacy, usually found on a baby rack. Follow the instructions in the package. If you choose to sterilize cat kit with Milton liquid, rinse it all with boiling water first to remove the remaining sterilizer solution.
3. Make and warm the milk.
If you use liquid milk formula, open the tin and measure a certain amount of milk according to the rules in the package. If you are using powdered formula, follow the guidelines in the package to see how many milk and water spoons to add. Always follow the guidelines correctly, because overcooked milk can cause a kitten's stomach pain, while too-diluted milk has too low nutrients.
Always prepare milk exactly every time will give it. Milk does not contain preservatives, so it does not last long. In addition, the newborn kitten has a weak immune system, so bacterial contamination in milk endangers your kitten's health.
Do not put the infant formula into a microwave. There will be very hot or very cold bubbles in the bottle. Instead, put the infant formula into the container, and place the container in hot water.
Make sure the milk temperature is right - not too cold or hot. Idealnnya, the temperature of milk is equal to body temperature. If you drip it into the back of your hand, it will feel the same as your skin. If it's too hot, milk can hurt your kitten's mouth.
4. Check your cat's body temperature.
When you're ready to milk, make sure the kitten is warm. To some extent, the digestive rate of a kitten depends on its body temperature. If his temperature is cold, his digestion will slow down, and milk will have fermentation in his stomach. Newborn kittens usually lie dormant near their mothers, and their temperatures tend to heat up. The ideal temperature for the first three weeks of the kitten is 35.5 - 37.7 degrees Celsius.
Keep the kitten's temperature at that temperature range with warmer pads under a closed nest. If there are no warmer pads, use a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel to prevent the kitten from touching the bottle directly and causing burns. Replace hot water in a bottle as often as necessary to keep it warm.
5. Give milk to kittens.
Sit in a comfortable chair with a folded towel on your lap. Put the kitten the same way as if she sucked directly from her mother: head straight, legs down, and belly leaning. When trying to give milk to your kitten for the first time, drip milk from the tip of the pacifier or syringe. Place a droplet of milk near the kitten's mouth. Her sense of smell was strong, and she was probably able to smell the milk and point her mouth closer to him.
If you use a pacifier, at this point, your kitten needs help to direct the pacifier into his mouth. Next, his natural instinct will take over, and he will start sucking.
If you use a syringe, gently press the suction to remove a drop of milk into his mouth. Let him swallow between every drop of milk. Never fill his mouth with milk. Excessive milk can enter the airways, enter the lungs, and cause pneumonia. Do it slowly, no hurry.
Kitten's posture is very important here. Never give a kitten a milk like a human baby, and always make sure that the cat keeps leaning during feeding. Make sure his head is not lifted, because it can make milk inhaled into his lungs, making him sick or dead.
6. Give the milk the right amount.
Cimicat and other substitute formulas are accompanied by guidance on how much and how often milk should be given in the package. Here are some general guidelines on how much and how often you should give milk to a kitten during the first few weeks of life:
- One to three days: 2.5 ml of milk every two hours
- Four to seven days: 5 ml of milk 10-12 times in the day
- Six to 10 days: 5 to 7.5 ml of milk 10 times a day
- 11 to 14 days: 10 to 12.5 ml of milk every three hours
- 15 to 21 days: 10 ml of milk eight times a day
- 21 days and so on: 7.5 to 25 ml, three to four times a day, in addition to introducing solid foods.
7. Pay attention to the signs.
When learning how to practice and milking a kitten with a bottle, remember that excessive milking or giving it in an inappropriate way can cause problems with the respiratory tract. Watch the kittens as long as you give them milk to make sure no milk goes into the nose and the stomach does not feel enlarged.
In terms of numbers, if your kitten is greedy, and he continues to suck even after exceeding the recommended amount, pay attention to his stomach. If the stomach is tight and enlarged, stop giving it milk. This is a sign that his stomach is full, but he has not realized it. Do not give too much milk.
If your kitten drinks less milk than the recommended amount, do not panic. Maybe your kitten would rather drink a little. If you're worried about a kitten not drinking enough milk, instead of forcing it and taking the risk of putting milk into his lungs, stop, let him rest, and try again about an hour later.
8. Stay calm and relaxed.
Be patient and stay calm while feeding the kitten with a bottle is important to keep him calm. In addition, let the cat drink slowly to prevent glut or digestive problems.
Encourage and stimulate the belching by leaning back the kitten against your body, and gently rubbing her stomach. In the parent and kitten relationship, the mother cat will wipe the kitten to help her remove the wind and dirt. Do not be afraid to see them both, this is a good sign
9. Clean your cat's ass.
Immediately after each feeding the kitten, the mother will lick the anus and the kitten's genitals, to stimulate urination and large. Parent cat usually will accommodate the kitten dirt in his lap, so their nest is not dirty and attract the predator. But, without a mother, you have to help the kitten. Use a damp cotton rag and wipe it on the anal part with a licking motion. End with a clean cotton wipe to clean his butt. Finish your task until the next feeding time.
This is an important step in the success of giving milk to kittens. If you do not mimic cat cat stimulation in the process of removing kitten feces, the bladder and colon will not be empty. The kitten gets sick.
10. Return the kitten to bed or warm box to rest.
Keep giving the kitten regularly every day for the next few weeks, until he can be weaned to switch to solid foods. At that point, talk to your veterinarian to find out the right foods for a kitten.
Add solid foods such as soft canned foods and solid foods to your diet when kittens are about four weeks old. Some kittens should be given milk in bottles for up to eight weeks, and these developments should be communicated with the veterinarian.
Weigh the weight of your kitten every day for the first two weeks. You can use a food scale provided it is coated with a clean cloth or cloth. The weight of a kitten should rise by about 14 grams daily for the first two weeks. Record the decrease or increase the kitten's weight well during the feeding, and consult a veterinarian if your kitten is experiencing weight gain or weight loss too quickly.
The best option is to let the kitten with the parent up to at least 6 weeks, although 8-10 weeks will be even better. Cat breeders advise to wait until the age of the kitten reaches 12 weeks before finding a new residence. There are some problems that can arise if the kitten is separated too early from the mother, such as difficulty mingling, health problems, and growth disorders.
Consult a veterinarian if your kitten does not eat or drink milk at all, because it could be a sign of a disease.