|How to Take Care of Pregnant Dogs|
Doing Preparation for Dogs
1. Make sure the dog you choose is a good candidate.
Many dog diseases can be passed from parent to child. Have your vet check your dog before you marry it, to minimize the risk of genetic disease in her children. Such inherited diseases can affect the bones, joints, heart, teeth, skin, blood cells, kidneys, liver, nervous system (brain and spinal), digestive organs, reproduction, and immune system. Some common examples include hip dysplasia, allergies, cryptorchidism, and hernias. Some particular races also have a higher risk of hereditary diseases.
- Think of the personality and behavior of your dog and partner. Several scientific studies show that aggressiveness can be lowered. You must marry only the friendly dogs who have no tendency to be aggressive.
2. Provide high-quality dog food that has been approved by the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) food tests in your country.
For foods that have passed the AAFCO test, there will usually be a writer like this, "Animal feeding tests using AAFCO procedures substantiate that _____ provide complete and balanced nutrition for ______" (meaning approximately: A food test with AAFCO procedure indicates that ________ proven to contain balanced and complete nutrition for ________).  Providing quality food before pregnancy can improve the health of mains and puppies.
3. Recognize the facts before marrying a dog.
Although the puppies are very cute, you have to take care of these little animals with lots of time, attention, and effort. Puppies usually with their mother for 8 weeks after birth or longer if you have trouble finding a house. Raising a few puppies takes a lot of time and energy, in addition to expensive fees.
- If the dog is having trouble giving birth, take him to get immediate emergency care from the veterinarian. A cesarean section may be expensive, so prepare an emergency fund at any time.
4. Consider adopting dogs from rescue groups instead of mating adult dogs.
In the US, there is a problem of overfed dog populations, which means there are more dogs than places that can accommodate them. Under the ASPCA, 1,200,000 dogs are sheltered in shelters each year. Know that this may mean that for every puppy born, another house is reduced for the dog in the shelter.
Providing Health Care for Pregnant Dogs
1. Provide proper prenatal care for the dog.
It must be vaccinated before pregnancy. In this way, the dog and his children will be protected. Newborn puppies have a higher risk of serious (even fatal) illness if their mothers are not vaccinated.
Most experts advise you not to vaccinate pregnant dogs, so vaccines should be given beforehand.
- Wipeout dog worms. Internal parasites (such as roundworms and hookworms) can be passed from parent to puppies. The veterinarian will prescribe the appropriate treatment to protect the dog and its children.
- Have your veterinarian perform a heartworm test and get a treatment done immediately to prevent it. Microfilaria of the heartworm can be transmitted from mother to child still in the womb, through the placenta.
2. Visit a vet if you think your dog is pregnant.
It can help verify pregnancy, determine the date of birth, discuss any treatment changes, even estimate the number of children. It can also help determine if the dog is having a fake pregnancy, a condition that makes it look and act as if it is pregnant when it is not.
- Ultrasound machines can visualize a puppy's embryo approximately within 3 weeks after pregnancy. Vets may be able to feel the puppies in the stomach within 2-30 days after pregnancy. The unborn puppies can be seen through x rays after 45 days (5 weeks) of pregnancy.
- The veterinarian will count the number of fetal skulls to determine the number of puppies that may be born. In this way, you can tell if everything has been born successfully when the time comes. If you expect to get 6 puppies but only 4 are out, you can also know if you should take the mother to an emergency medical care unit.
3. Speak to the veterinarian about ALL the treatments and treatments you give to the dog.
Some types of treatment can be harmful to the unborn puppies, as well as cause disability and even death. For example, a veterinarian usually advises dogs to be given monthly cardiac worm prevention treatments, but consult with them for you to be sure.
- Tell all the eradication and flea treatments that you give and the risk of your dog being infected by these parasites. The veterinarian will suggest the right product when treatment is needed. Some examples of products he might suggest for pregnant dogs are FrontlineⓇ Plus Topspot (but not FrontlineⓇ Spray), RevolutionⓇ, ProgramⓇ, and CapstarⓇ.
- He may suggest the use of anticipating drugs in the last trimester of dog pregnancy. Fenbendazole is usually considered safe for pregnant dogs and can eradicate worms that a mother can inherit to her children.
- Do not give all medications, treatments, or supplements that are sold freely without asking the vet about whether they are safe for pregnant dogs.
- Do not vaccinate pregnant dogs. Speak to the veterinarian about vaccinations when the pregnant dog is late in getting the vaccine.
- If the dog is in long-term treatment for chronic illness, contact your veterinarian immediately to determine if you should continue or stop the treatment.
4. Make sure you know the location of the nearest hospital emergency unit.
This unit should be open 24 hours instead of a regular veterinary office. Prepare for an emergency, in case the dog has to give birth at night and experience serious complications.
Feeding Pregnant Dogs
1. Check the food label.
Make sure these foods have passed the AAFCO food test or other official bodies in your country. When passing the AAFCO test, the food should read, "Animal feeding tests using AAFCO procedures substantiate that _____ provide complete and balanced nutrition for ______" (meaning approximately: A food test with AAFCO procedure indicates that ________ is proven to contain balanced and complete nutrition for ________ ). 
2. Provide high-quality commercial dog food in normal portions during the first 4 weeks of pregnancy.
This commercial dog food is sold in pet food stores as well as supermarkets. These foods generally contain all the necessary nutrients in the right amount and ratio.
Home food usually does not contain the essential nutrients that are balanced and should be avoided.
3. Use high-quality puppy meals in the 5th or 6th week of pregnancy.
At this point, dogs need more nutrients. Food for puppies contains more protein, fat, energy, and minerals.
- Now, you should increase your dog food intake by 20-25%.
- Do not give food to big puppies, even if your dog is a big race. Such foods usually do not contain enough energy or calcium for pregnant dogs.
4. Increase the number of dogs eat as much as 25% again in the late pregnancy, ie at week 8 and 9.
At this point, the dog will eat 50% more than when he was not pregnant. For example, if a dog normally eats 2 cups twice a day before becoming pregnant, he will now need 6 cups of food each day during his pregnancy.
Because the puppies will press on his stomach, he may not be able to simultaneously eat a lot at one time. Divide the portion of his food into several smaller dishes more often to ensure he gets the necessary nutritional intake. Some dogs need to be fed "free food" at this stage, which means that the food will be left all day for the dog to consume them as needed.
5. Do not add vitamins, minerals, or meat unless instructed by a veterinarian.
You may think dogs need extra calcium, and some inaccurate sites also suggest it, but never give it up. Additional calcium may affect the dog's internal ability to regulate calcium and make it at risk of calcium deficiency, thus threatening his life (this condition is called eclampsia).
Adding meat to dog food causes it to eat fewer carbohydrates, so its energy intake is reduced.
Train the Pregnant Dog
1. Do not overdo it. This is especially important after the 6th week of pregnancy.
- Pregnant dogs should be allowed to rest as needed, as pregnancy is a tiring thing.
- If your dog is a worker, talk to your veterinarian about the right exercise plan.
2. Keep taking him for a walk every day.
The streets are low-intensity sports suitable for pregnant dogs. Most dogs can continue to walk every day during pregnancy.
- Choose the right time according to the weather conditions in your neighborhood (eg on a summer morning, or during the rainy season).
- If the dog runs regularly before becoming pregnant, he may continue to do so in the first 4-6 weeks of pregnancy. However, after 6 weeks, stop the running session and replace with a regular walk session.
3. Keep dogs away from each other during the last 3 weeks of pregnancy and the first 3 weeks after giving birth.
This means you should not take him to meet other dogs or through a route in a dog-filled neighborhood. In this way, he will be protected from infectious diseases that could endanger both children and themselves.
- In addition, pregnant dogs and young puppies can change their behavior. He may be aggressive towards other dogs when he feels the dog is threatening the safety of his children.
1. Buy or make a delivery box.
This box will be a safe place or a "nest" for dogs to give birth. This box should contain a soft bed area and surround by high walls. You can make your own from triplex or strong plastic, or buy it from a commercial store.
- This box should also be large enough so that the dog can stretch the body completely with still leaves room for his children.
- Box walls should be high enough to prevent puppies from climbing out at 6 weeks, but still short enough to allow the parent to leave the box at will.
- The walls must be strong and secure so as not to collapse and crush the puppies.
- If you do not provide a box, the dog may choose a less ideal location.
2. Make the box as comfortable as possible for the dog and his children.
Alate the bottom of the box with a towel. Replace and wash towels periodically after the puppies are born. The process of childbirth and puppies can mess things up, so prepare a mature plan.
- You are not advised to coat the box with newspaper. The newspaper is not soft and warm, and the ink can stick to the puppies' fur.
- Keep the box floor temperature at about 23.8 degrees Celsius. Use low wattage bulb. For the security of mother and child, make sure the floor is not too hot or cold.
3. Place the box in a secure private location.
Make sure you can access them periodically to help the dog, but this box should still be kept away from distractions and other pets. Let the dog come to the box at least 1-2 weeks before giving birth. In this way, he will get used to when the birth comes.
- Smaller dog breeds usually produce fewer children, while large races generally give birth to more children. The average puppy count for a large race is 8-12, while small races may give birth only 1-4.
- Dog pregnancy is 63 days. However, your dog may be pregnant for 55-72 days after the first conception takes place.
- A healthy weight gain during pregnancy is 10-15%. For example, a dog weighing 10 kilos should only gain weight to 1-1.5 kg. However, know that pregnancy is not the time for the mendietkan dog. Speak to the vet if you have questions about your dog's weight.