Thursday, March 8, 2018

How to Feed a Home Rabbit

How to Feed a Home Rabbit - Rabbits are fun animals to keep. While nurturing it, it is important for you to feed him a healthy and balanced diet to keep him happy and grow healthy. Keep in mind that rabbits have a very sensitive digestive system. This means nutritional imbalance can cause serious problems in the intestine that can end in fatal. [1] Therefore, by knowing how to feed a rabbit properly, you can maintain optimal health throughout life.

How to Feed a Home Rabbit
How to Feed a Home Rabbit

Learn What Can Be Given to Rabbits

1. Provide dry grass for your rabbit.

Dry grass is the most important type of food for rabbits. There are many benefits contained in dry grass. For example, dried grass contains fiber that helps to push food waste or waste through the intestines, as well as to prevent intestinal stasis. Dry grass also allows your rabbit to bite and chew so that its teeth can be eroded naturally.
  • In addition, dry grass can also provide pleasure for the rabbit because he can sift it and move it around the cage.
  • Dry grasses such as timothy or owl grass have a higher fiber content than alfalfa or dried clover leaves that can be the ideal dry grass for your rabbit. Alfalfa and dried clover leaves have a high protein and calcium content that can cause kidney and bladder problems in older rabbits.
  • The good quality dry grass is green and has a fresh aroma, and is free of mold and dust.
  • Try to buy dried grass from the seller directly (or a specialty store that sells fresh food for pets). Compared to dried grass products sold at pet supplies stores, dry grasses sold in specialty stores or cultivators may be fresher and contain more nutrients your rabbit needs.

2. Give the number of pellets that are restricted as food for your rabbit.

Pellets may only be given in small quantities. Because of its high caloric and small fiber content, excessive pelleting can lead to excessive obesity and teething. Just give pellets with similarly shaped grains instead of pellets or mixed food types such as muesli (the shape of each different seed encourages the rabbit to eat only the tasty grains, even though the seeds have a low calcium content). Every day, give pellets in portions that can be spent in less than 20 minutes. If your rabbit continues to eat the pellets but does not eat the dry grass it provides, gradually change its diet by reducing the portion of the pellets and make sure it has a sweet supply of sweet grass.
  • The pellets provided should contain about 18-20% fiber content, 14-16% protein, as well as fat and calcium (1% each).
  • Try to provide Timothy grass-based pellets instead of alfalfa-based ones.
  • Avoid purchasing pellets that are not wrapped in containers or plastic (usually sold by cultivators or markets). Because it is not packaged in a sealed container, the pellets are exposed to direct air so that the quality of the vitamins contained therein decreases. In addition, the nutrients contained also become less. Ideally, when buying food for rabbits, buy food or pellets in the smallest package rather than large packaging. In large packaging, once the packaging is opened the quality of pellets will soon decrease.

3. Give fresh vegetables to your rabbit.

Fresh vegetables can keep the rabbit's intestine hydrated so that the digestion remains smooth. There are many types of vegetables that can be given to rabbits, such as celery, collard leaves, green peppers, and turnips.  In addition, vegetables, especially those rich in vitamin A such as broccoli, carrots and monster leaves, can also be the main food for rabbits.

It is often argued that giving vegetables to rabbits can make them diarrhea. In fact, diarrhea generally occurs when you provide different types of vegetables simultaneously (not one at a time).
Starchy vegetables, such as carrots, need to be given in a limited portion or amount.
Fresh fruits can also be a delicious addition to the rabbit. However, only give the fruits as a snack because fruits contain high sugar content.

4. Provide clean and fresh water for your rabbit.

Keep fresh and fresh water is important in keeping your rabbit's gut hydrated. Without enough water, what is in the intestines will dry out and hold. It causes intestinal stasis that can be life-threatening if not treated immediately. Keep in mind that although your rabbit looks fresh and has good body fluids, sometimes the intestines are not hydrated enough.  If your rabbit does not defecate within 12 to 24 hours, he or she may have intestinal dehydration. If this happens, contact your vet immediately.

5. Learn what should not be given to the rabbit.

There are some foods you should not give to rabbits, such as chocolate, pasta, and yogurt. [21] In addition, foods such as grains, cookies, crackers, and high fiber cereals may not be given to rabbits.
These foods can cause a buildup of bad bacteria in the gut that are harmful to your rabbits. It can lead to a serious health condition known as enterotoxemia. In addition, these foods can trigger the occurrence of fatty liver and obesity.

Avoid giving corn to rabbits. Since the rabbit cannot digest the keelboat, granting corn to the rabbit can cause blockage of the intestine which, of course, is dangerous for its safety.

Learn How to Feed a Rabbit

1. Give your rabbit a lot of dry grass.

Since dry grass is an important type of food for rabbits, it is only natural that she needs to be given plenty of dry grass every day. Rabbits of all ages, both baby rabbits to adult rabbits, need to be given an unlimited supply of weed every day.
  • The rabbits who have been weaned from their mothers and able to feed themselves will soon eat the dry grass provided.
  • Although alfalfa can cause bladder and kidney problems in adult rabbits, alfalfa may be administered to rabbits under the age of one year. However, keep in mind that when you provide alfalfa as a food for a rabbit's child, it is likely that he will have difficulty when you replace alfalfa with dried grass as he grows up.
  • Try putting dry grass in one corner of the rabbit dung box. He will probably be happy to be able to sit comfortably in his dung box while enjoying his food. In addition, the placement of dry grass in the litter box can help maintain the cleanliness of the cage.

2. Limit the number of pellets provided.

When eating pellets, your rabbit may get too much of a good nutritional intake. Limit your daily pellet intake to rabbits to 30 to 60 milligrams (per 2 kilograms of rabbit's weight). [30] Once you know the amount of daily pellet intake that can be given, divide the two intakes for two feeding hours (morning and evening).
  • Giving too many pellets can cause obesity in your rabbit.
  • Because pellets do not contain too much fiber, pelleting too much on the rabbit can cause the feces to become very soft and stick to the feathers around the anus (in English, this is known as poopy butt syndrome).
  • Your rabbit will probably prefer pellets rather than dried grass as food. This can lead to an imbalance of nutrients and digestive problems.
  • You can give pellets to baby rabbits in large quantities because high protein and calcium contents can help the development and growth. However, if you raise a baby rabbit, make sure you begin to gradually reduce your pellet intake when he reaches the age of 8 to 12 months until finally, you provide a daily pellet intake in an amount equivalent to the amount of daily adult rabbit pellet intake.

3. Give fresh vegetables in sufficient quantities.

For every 2 kilograms of her weight, rabbits need to eat 500 grams to 1 kilogram of fresh vegetables. Vegetables should be fresh because stale vegetables (even those that are not so fresh) can interfere with your rabbit's digestive system.
  • Provide the vegetables in the wet (freshly washed). The moisture in vegetables can make your rabbit's intestines hydrated.
  • Divide the daily intake of vegetables into two. After that, give half the portion to your rabbit in the morning, and the other half in the afternoon.
  • Give three types of vegetables each day. Make sure one type of vegetable has a high vitamin A content.  As a guide, the site lists the vegetables rich in vitamin A.
  • Give a new type of vegetable, one type for every meal to prevent digestive disorders. Do not give vegetables that cause diarrhea.
  • If you raise a baby rabbit, give the vegetables a very small amount. Consult a veterinarian if you are unsure about the number of vegetables that can be given to the baby of the rabbit.
  • Wash the leaves of carrots and radish leaves until clean before giving them to the rabbit.

4. Give fresh fruits as snacks for rabbits.

Rabbits love sweet foods and are likely to be happy to eat lots of fruits. However, because of its high sugar content, fruits should only be given as a snack. Every day, your rabbit should not eat more than 1 to 2 tablespoons of fruit for every 2 kilograms of his body weight.
  • Some types of fruits that you can give, among them, are mango, banana, papaya, and cherries.
  • Wash fruits thoroughly before you give them to the rabbit.

5. Provide drinking water in a strong bowl.

A heavy ceramic bowl can be an ideal water container for your rabbit. In addition to a ceramic bowl, you can also use a porcelain bowl, as long as the bowl used does not contain lead.
Change the drinking water at least once a day. You also have to clean the bowl with soap and hot water every day. Rabbits can also drink from a bottle of water with a straw. However, rabbits usually prefer to drink from a water bowl rather than a bottle. If your rabbit likes to drink from the bottle, check the bottle regularly to make sure there is no leakage or blockage in the straw.


  • Different types of rabbits, different food needs. Therefore, consult a veterinarian about the specific dietary needs for the breed of rabbit that you maintain.
  • Rabbits who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or sick also have special dietary needs.
  • Always make changes to the pattern of rabbit food types gradually.
  • Rabbit manure can be an important clue in knowing his overall health condition. Normally, rabbit feces are round. Dirt that is too soft (soft), not round, or stick together (like a pearl necklace) can indicate the occurrence of indigestion. Immediately contact your vet if your rabbit droppings appear abnormal.
  • If your rabbit is constipated, give him a small rosary leaf or rosemary leaves.
  • Just give vegetables when your rabbits are 6-7 months old. If your baby or rabbit bites vegetables when the parent is eating, try giving a little vegetable to the baby or the child of the rabbit. If she does not bite her, you do not have to give her vegetables.


  • Incorrect feeding can lead to many serious gastrointestinal disorders in rabbits, including cecal dysbiosis (conditions that cause shapeless and sharp-smelling), intestinal stasis, fatty liver disease, and enterotoxemia. If not treated immediately, this condition can be fatal.
  • Rabbits with teeth that are not eroded can experience indigestion. [56] Bring your rabbit to the vet if you see it look difficult when biting or chewing, or when his chin always looks wet. Rabbits with teeth that are too long tend to shed a lot of salivae (and it is a sign that his teeth are too long and need to be scraped).
  • Your rabbit is likely to have a serious illness if he does not urinate within 12 to 24 hours. Take your rabbit to the vet for immediate treatment.

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